What is it?
It was set up in 1990, following the enactment of Law no. 470 of 27 October 1988 ("Anagrafe e censimento degli italiani all'estero") and its implementing regulation, Presidential Decree no. 323 of 6 September 1989. AIRE contains the data of citizens who have voluntarily declared, in accordance with art. 6 of the aforementioned Law no. 470/1988, that they intend to reside abroad for a period of time exceeding twelve months, or for whom such residence has been ascertained ex officio".
The municipalities are the only ones responsible for the regular maintenance of the population registry, both for those resident in Italy and those resident abroad. Each municipality has its own AIRE. There is also the national AIRE, established at the Ministry of the Interior - Department for Internal and Territorial Affairs - which contains the data transmitted by the municipal registry offices. In addition to the personal data, the central AIRE also records the indication of the citizen's registration in the electoral rolls of the municipality of AIRE registration. The individual municipalities send the data to the central AIRE, via web-mail, using a security system and a special computer procedure, which allows a direct update of the data themselves.
Registration with AIRE gives Italian citizens the possibility to use consular services, to :
- obtain certificates/documents from both the municipality of AIRE registration and the relevant consular office,
- exercise the right to vote abroad.