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Frequently Asked Questions

I live abroad and I am not entitled to the Health Card, therefore I cannot make transactions, what can I do?

All you need to know is:

  1. The health card is different from the tax code and is issued to those who live in Italy;
  2. The digital signature or service card, if duly registered AIRE, can be requested and obtained immediately at the chambers of commerce but in Italy. If you have the national card services (ncs) and is still active you can safely, with this, activate the spid without even having to ask for the electronic ID card;
  3. As an Italian citizen, if you have not renounced your citizenship, you can request the replacement of the CIC (PAPER IDENTITY CARD) with the CIE, which shows the tax code on the document by separating it /duplicating the one on the Health Card. With the CIE you will be able to register the SPID and no longer need the CNS or anything else. For citizens residing abroad enrolled in the AIRE, the Electronic Identity Card can be applied for at the Consulate of reference. To make it work it must equip itself with a card reader, as for the CNS, whose cost varies from 15 to 30 euros or alternatively opt for a solution entirely dematerialized but requiring an Italian telephone number;
  4. As the Health Insurance Card with the indication of the regions and on the back the model e-111 European entered into use in January 2004 but did not cancel the legal value of the tax code previously issued on a mechanized paper model and did not even invalidate the plastic green card with magnetic stripe, if he has them keep them because they are in effect valid;
  5. The new card may be applied for by sending to the Agency’s Office, including by e-mail, the completed, signed and scanned AA4/8 form, together with a copy of the identity document, even if, for nationals residing abroad outside the EU, you can request the attribution of the tax code to the Italian diplomatic mission-consular in the country of residence always filling in the form AA4/8.
Does an AIRE affiliate resident abroad have to file a tax return in Italy?
According to Italian law, anyone who owns income produced in Italy, even if resident abroad, is obliged to declare it to the financial administration, except in cases of exemption expressly provided for.
Non-residents must use the PF INCOME Model in the same version available for people resident in Italy. They must submit the PF INCOME TAX return, qualifying as non-residents, the people who in the year before the declaration were resident abroad and who in the same year held Italian source income taxable in Italy.
The first thing you need to do is check whether or not you are required to make the statement.
Even if you are not required to do so, you can submit your tax return to claim any unallocated charges or deductions, or to claim a refund of excess tax resulting from your previous tax return.
Once you have checked if you have the obligation to submit the declaration (or that you are interested in doing so) you must check whether you have the possibility or not to qualify as "non-resident" subjects for direct tax purposes.
'Domicile' is the place where people have established the principal place of business and interests, including moral and family. To be considered "non-resident", you must have been in the following conditions:
  • you must not have been registered in the register of people resident in Italy for more than half of the year (i.e., for 183 days in normal years, 184 in leap years);
  • you must not have been domiciled in Italy for more than half of the year;
  • you must not have been habitually resident in Italy for more than half the year.
You are also considered to be a resident, within the meaning of Italian law, unless you have shown otherwise, if you are an Italian citizen who has been erased from the registers of the population resident and who has emigrated to States or territories having a preferential tax.
You are also considered a resident under Italian law, unless proven otherwise, if you are an Italian citizen erased from the registers of the resident population and emigrated to States or territories having a privileged tax regime.
Bilateral conventions are currently in force between Italy and other States to avoid double taxation of income; in these agreements it is generally provided that each State identifies its tax residents according to its own laws. It is therefore always necessary to verify the existing agreement and the intended treatment.
Does an AIRE affiliate resident abroad have to submit to the Italian tax authorities the income earned abroad and the foreign tax return?
According to Italian law, anyone who owns income produced in Italy, even if resident abroad, is obliged to declare it to the financial administration, except in cases of exemption expressly provided for.
Non-residents must use the PF INCOME Model in the same version available for people resident in Italy. They must submit the PF INCOME TAX return, qualifying as non-residents, the people who in the year before the declaration were resident abroad and who in the same year held Italian source income taxable in Italy.
The first thing you need to do is check whether or not you are required to make the statement.
Even if you are not required to do so, you can submit your tax return to claim any unallocated charges or deductions, or to claim a refund of excess tax resulting from your previous tax return.
Once you have checked if you have the obligation to submit the declaration (or that you are interested in doing so) you must check whether you have the possibility or not to qualify as "non-resident" subjects for direct tax purposes.
'Domicile' is the place where people have established the principal place of business and interests, including moral and family. To be considered "non-resident", you must have been in the following conditions:
  • you must not have been registered in the register of people resident in Italy for more than half of the year (i.e., for 183 days in normal years, 184 in leap years);
  • you must not have been domiciled in Italy for more than half of the year;
  • you must not have been habitually resident in Italy for more than half the year.
You are also considered to be a resident, within the meaning of Italian law, unless you have shown otherwise, if you are an Italian citizen who has been erased from the registers of the population resident and who has emigrated to States or territories having a preferential tax.
You are also considered a resident under Italian law, unless proven otherwise, if you are an Italian citizen erased from the registers of the resident population and emigrated to States or territories having a privileged tax regime.
Bilateral conventions are currently in force between Italy and other States to avoid double taxation of income; in these agreements it is generally provided that each State identifies its tax residents according to its own laws. It is therefore always necessary to verify the existing agreement and the intended treatment.
I want to keep my Italian Health registration card (Tessera Sanitaria)

Your card expires the moment you have changed your residence and moved abroad.  Although you do not normally have to return there have been cases (especially from the autonomous regions) where the local health board has requested the return of the card itself. You have the right to emergency health treatment. MORE DETAIL IN OUR GUIDE

My registration AIRE is taking very long?

You are registered with AIRE the moment you receive a registration number normally by email.  However, the actual documentation may take anything from a couple of weeks to a couple of months to reach the town of your last residence.  This is unrelated to the Consulate or the Ministry - every application is sent to the registration offices of the towns concerned promptly - but with the services provided by that municipality, which as we know can differ greatly from one to the other.

Do I have to register with AIRE?

You are under a legal obligation to do if you are residing outside Italy for over 12 months.  But there are very good reasons for you to do so. MORE DETAIL IN OUR GUIDE

I want to change the details of my AIRE registration such as my new address, or phone number how do I do that?

The serviziconsolari.esteri.it portal allows downloading the required form for the registration of new details.  However, in some instances, it may be quicker to access the website of your nearest consulate as they may have a preferred form of amending those details.

How to vote from abroad?

You can only vote if you are AIRE registered. If you are registered you will be sent the necessary information by your Consulate to vote at national elections and referendums.  You will also be sent the cards to vote at local elections but these will come directly from the AIRE registered town,  not the Consulate, so in order to vote for local elections, you will need to go in person to the electoral station in your town (travel discounts may be available but these vary greatly).

I finally got my SSN and they talked about the importance of credit , how do I build my credit if I just got here ?

Credit is important, only with good credit can you access mortgages and financing. But it is not only for buying, it is also your business card when you want to rent a house for example. MORE DETAIL IN OUR GUIDE

I have just arrived in the USA, I don’t have an American driver’s license yet, can I buy a car? Can I drive one?

Yes, you can buy a car even if you don't have an American driver's license yet. MORE DETAILS IN OUR GUIDE

My Italian Sim in the USA does not work, what are the best phone companies?

You can buy an American sim, you only need your passport. Each company has its own store, among the most famous T-Mobile, Verizon, and Sprint. MORE DETAILS IN OUR GUIDE

Still need help?

Check out our HelpfulGuides, and Blog. You can also email our support team at infoairesos@gmail.com

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